Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposits.
These deposits form a mineralized package that is of economic interest to the miner.
The oldest-known mine on archaeological record is the "Lion Cave" in Swaziland, which radiocarbon dating shows to be about 43,000 years old.
At this site Paleolithic humans mined hematite to make the red pigment ochre.
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Hence, most of the world's nations have passed regulations to decrease the impact.
The gold mines of Nubia were among the largest and most extensive of any in Ancient Egypt.They built numerous aqueducts to supply water to the minehead.